ARTEMISIA ANNUA: The Most Efficient Malaria Cure is Natural

Family: Asteracea

Genus: Artemisia

Common name: Artemisia Annua, Sweet Wormwood,[ Sweet Annie, Sweet Sagewort, Annual Mugwort

 

Artemisia Annua is an annual aromatic herb from Asia that has been used in China to treat fevers for centuries. The genus Artemisia includes well-known plants used in medicine, perfumery and the food and drink industry, such as Tarragon, Artemisia Absinthium and Mugwort. Its stem is erect brownish or violet brown. The plant itself is hairless and naturally grows up  to 100 cm tall, although in cultivation it is possible for plants to reach a height of 2m. The intensive aromatic scent of the leaves is very characteristic, they are divided by deep cuts into two or three small leaflets. An easily grown plant, has Its optimal growth temperature lies within 20 and 25 °C. Widely planted commercially as a source of essential oils and artemisinin. The plant is vigorous and essentially disease free. It does best in open, sunny positions on fertile, sandy or alluvial soils, which are neutral to slightly acid and moisture-retentive. It will not tolerate drought.  The oil has been reported to have anti-microbial activity.

Artemisia Annua came under the spotlight during the Vietnam War. Viêt-Cong lost more soldiers by mosquito bites and malaria, than by American bullets. Wild Artemisia has been used for millenniums in several regions of China and is still used to treat fevers and malaria. It was easy to acquire tons of this dried herb for Viêt-Cong and take it as infusion. The Americans, faithful to their less efficient pills, never knew what was happening . We know that the have been used successfully for many years by the French army in Algeria as a remedy against malaria.  To allow soldiers to swallow this bitter potion, they simply added some alcohol to it. And so absinthe was born. The idea to launch the production of absinthe in France had amazing success. The winemaker lobby could only look unfavorably at the loss of big market shares. What to do then if not declare that one of the components of absinth was toxic (thujone) and ban the product. Rest is recent history and Absinth has been rehabilitated today. Like anything consumed with moderation, it can be beneficial.

MEDICINAL USE: Artemisia Annua has the capacity to produce high phenolic compounds, which result in high antioxidant activity. 50 different phenolic compounds were identified analyzing this miraculous plant. In the last 20 years researchers focused on the activity of artemisinin against malaria and cancer. Traditional Sources say that this herb is to be steeped in cold water to obtain abetter using a low-temperature ether-based extraction method, rather then boil as most people would normally do with infusion and decoction.

 

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